However, this is not true though both happen to … Guard is state and federal mission. Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed. Your career when you return to the civilian ranks is one of the most important … They include units such as the 3rd Medical, 200th Military Police, 11th Aviation and more. The most important thing to remember when comparing the National Guard and Army Reserve is that the National Guard is a "dual service," with … Our 1SG was a Ranger who had served in Ranger Regt as was my Plt Sgt. Close. They respond to local emergencies and disasters, serve in overseas combat missions and assist in counter-drug operations and reconstruction missions. When Can a Retired National Guard Begin Retirement Pay? The first is reporting location. The National Guard works under the state and they can actually assist civilian police forces. The Army Reserves requires a high school diploma, GED, or college credits. Although members of both the guard and reserve receive the same federal benefits, individual states can offer additional benefits for members of its guard. Related Article: 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. 2 years ago. Here’s the gist of it if you don’t want to see me ramble on. They are found in every state, five U.S. territories, and 30 countries for a total of 20% of the Army’s units. All members of the same rank and years of service receive the same pay, which is based on active-duty pay prorated to reflect their part-time service. Guard members may train alongside active-duty personnel, particularly during their two-week exercises, or they may spend a drill weekend training as a separate unit. Active duty Soldiers are part of the Army 24 hours a day, seven days a week. This may be in times of war, in a national emergency, or as the need occurs based on threats to national security. Personnel in the National Guard assist in their home state in addition to meeting the needs of the country, serving locally and abroad. It is clear that Army Reserve consists of troops that are federal in nature and serve as reserves to the national army, while National Guard are troops of the state and work close to home. I understand that many folks do not live in/near fleet concentration areas, but we are not the size of the National Guard (roughly 5-6 times larger than the Reserve). In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Military Reserves or National Guard (shown in red) in comparison to the national average for those wage buckets (shown in gray). The largest difference between the two lies with the command and jobs. Related Article: 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans. Alabama exempts only the military retirement benefits from state income tax, while Oklahoma exempts 100 percent of active military pay from state taxation. The Army Reserve holds fully deployable units and soldiers that may be activated to full-time duty to support specialized capabilities or replace soldiers in high demand areas who have been deployed. Their responsibilities vary based on state and federal missions. Training commands include units responsible for the training of all soldiers. However, the difference is only that National Guards are fulltime duty persons and can be called to perform federal tasks in case of having no false law and order situation in the country. The Air National Guard has fewer individuals in it than the Air Force Reserves currently do. While National Guard is used to face a national disaster in a state, Army Reserve is pressed at international borders when activated. The Guard’s mission is the State and having a drill center on every corner makes sense. Like reservists, guard personnel commit to serving one weekend each month and two weeks each year. Both the National Guard and the reserves offer to teach those who enlist useful skills, and to assign soldiers to tasks and jobs they show an aptitude for. Functional commands can command units with similar capabilities and can deploy as units. You can join the reserves without prior military experience and without ever serving on active-duty status, or you can transition to the reserves after serving in the military. Posted by. Another difference is the education requirement. The Guard still works to fulfill the military’s needs by being trained, equipped, and ready for mobilization whenever needed. Army Reserves has fully deployable units that depending on the command, can deploy as units or headquarters. Members typically report to locations near their homes, allowing them to commute to drills rather than move. The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. The Army Reserves provides the critical early entry and set the theater capabilities that are crucial to the nation’s defense and opening of major operations. Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization. Individuals work one weekend a month plus train two weeks a year. The Army Reserves offers more career choices for the individual soldier. Guard vs Reserve. Army Reserve members have different requirements than Air Force Reservists, for example, and you may find that some branches of service have smaller Reserve “footprints” than others. if your state offers state benefits then you get what a reservist would get plus the state benefits. 3D0X4 turnt 1B4X1. The Army Reserves falls under Title 10 of the U.S. Code while the National Guard falls under Title 32. Related Article – Coast Guard Reserve Pay And Benefits, Your email address will not be published. Related Article – Marine Corps Reserve Benefits. Learn more about the similarities and differences between the Army Reserves and Army National Guard, and find out which one is right for you. How To Choose The Right Military Branch For You, Army Reserves Vs. Army National Guard: 5 Key Differences, Military Reserves: Details on all 5 Branches of the Reserves, 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans, National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. Intuit TurboTax: Is the Okahoma National Guard Pay Exemption Gone? Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. Lastly, the individual should consider any special benefits offered on the state level for guard members to determine whether the match between the individual’s needs and the state benefits is relevant. Reservists normally work alongside their active-duty counterparts when fulfilling their service commitment of one weekend per month and two weeks per year, usually during the summer. 8 1 18. Are UTAs essentially the same? Archived. The National Guard has a total of 54 separate organizations; one for each of the 50 states and the one for the territories of Guam, Virgin … Click Here to learn more about our organization. Guardsmen are just as likely to be deployed locally as they are federally. Individuals typically weigh three factors when choosing between the guard or the reserves. Reservists are military personnel who serve on a part-time basis. Air Guard offers benefits that the AF reserve doesn't. Military Reserves or National Guard has a wage GINI of 0.389, which is less than than the national average of 0.479. The United States Armed Forces are comprised of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard. and serve under the Department of Defense. What Do I Need to Go From a National Guard E-3 to E-4? See our advertising policy here. As of 2017, the combined total of active-duty personnel was about 1.3 million, with an additional 80,000 people in the National Guard and reserves. The Army Reserves is comprised of mostly part-time soldiers who complete the training and requirements specified by their MOS, while still holding a civilian job or attending school. Both the Army Reserves and the National Guard offer low-cost health insurance options through Tricare. Below you will find five differences that can have an impact on your decision. How Long After I Get Out of the Military Do I Have to Go in the Reserves? Only the Army and the Air Force have guard components, the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. When in peacetime and under a state mission, Guardsmen answer to the leadership (generally the state governor) in their area. Both the Reserves and National Guard allow individuals to work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving in their MOS. I was active duty Army infantry and after I ETS'd I went Army National Guard. Army Reserve is comprised of operational, functional, support and training commands that work together to provide a reserve fighting force. 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. The Army Reserves commands include Operational command, Functional Command, Support, and Training. Although there are many similarities between the National Guard and reserves, there are significant differences. Army Reserve Soldiers serve part-time, and are able to work a civilian career, go to school and live where they want. National Guard members under title 32 can only be promoted to vacant positions that are available within their jurisdiction, (state or territory). National Guard vs Army Reserves vs Active Duty National Guard is also reserved army force just like Army reserved force. Plus I forgot an learned some things. They are considered the Commanders in Chief, of which the Adjutants General answers to. Their vision is, “The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.”. The Army National Guard includes Command and Control Headquarters, Special Forces Groups, Brigade Combat Teams, Multi-functional Support Brigades, Functional Support Brigades, and Groups and MTOE Battalions. The Army Reserve is a component of the US Army. While most eligibility requirements to join the Army Reserves or National Guard are similar, there are a couple of differences that may have an impact on whether you join the Reserves or National Guard. What Was Your Primary Reason For Joining The Military. Active Duty vs. Reserve Duty vs. National Guard. National Guard In contrast to the military reserves having several branches to choose from, it is worth noting there are only two components of the National Guard – the Air National Guard … What Are My Chances of Getting Deployed If I Join the National Guard. The National Guard has similar command units, but their mission is different. State missions are what they are most known for and are when Guardsmen help with their communities. This is a status used only by the Army National Guard. The Army reserve has an authorized strength of 199,000 soldiers, 11,000 civilians, and 2,075 units. Check with a recruiter in your state to find more information on possible opportunities. Some functional commands include Army Reserve Medical, 9th Mission Support, and 7th Civil Support. Many people think of guards and reserves as same because of same uniform. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The state can mobilize National Guard units for domestic use and the President can mobilize National Guard units for national emergencies. So, I learned that the Army Reserves is NOT allowed to be activated for local emergencies. They make up 39% of the Army’s Operational Force. Air Guard may have a job you want to train into that's not available with the reserve unit. The Army Reserves cannot be called upon by the state. Your email address will not be published. The United States National Guard is part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force.It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations. Members generally attend drill near their home and receive benefits and pay from the Army. The National Guard is seen as having more responsibilities than other forces because they answer to both the governor and the President. Currently in the Reserves and curious how different the Guard is, if at all. The service commitment for the Guard and Reserves is often referred to as a “one weekend a month, two weeks a year.” The purpose of the Reserve is to provide and maintain trained units and qualified persons to be available for active duty in the armed forces when needed. The Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard are the two components of the Air Force which make up the Total Force. My Guard unit was comprised of roughly 90% former active duty Army and Marines. When most people think of the National Guard they think of assistance during natural disasters. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard each present unique opportunities to individuals who want to serve their country without making a full-time commitment. Weekend drills can be anywhere from 1-4 days long, depending on what is going on, what is needed and even the budget. Difference between Guard and Reserves: Guard = State Mission that can be called to both state and federal missions, depending on the orders. Army Reserves is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 34. Inactive National Guard. Both the guard and reserve members can be activated or mobilized to support federal military actions abroad. What Are the Duties of the Executive Branch? The president has the power to federalize guard troops, if needed, but a governor has no control over reserve units. The National Guard answers to the state and federal government, while the Reserves does not. Some states offer tuition assistance opportunities that are unique to that state. The second factor to consider is to ascertain which option offers the chance to work in a particular job or field, as not all units offer identical jobs or have simultaneous vacancies. Related Article: National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. Reserves is just federal. In addition, the … He studied electrical engineering after a tour of duty in the military, then became a freelance computer programmer for several years before settling on a career as a writer. Also, the National Guard has more combat and support positions, while the Reserves has mostly support positions. Operational commands can be deployed as individual units, headquarters, or both. While both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard can serve in deployment, the job responsibilities remain different. The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options. Army Reserves is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 34. The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. 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